Overview This page contains the latest international trade data for Beijing. In July 2022 Beijing was the number 7 in total exports and the number 3 in total imports in China.

Exports In 2021, China's Beijing exported $94.3B, making it the 7th largest exporter out of the 31 exporters in China. In 2021 the top exports of Beijing were Vaccines, human use ($14.3B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($13.9B), Telephones for cellular networks or for... ($13.2B), Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($6.46B), and Electronic integrated circuits: processors and controllers,... ($1.48B).

Imports In 2021, China's Beijing imported $375B, making it the 3rd largest importer out of the 31 importers in China. In 2021 top imports of Beijing were Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... ($142B), Natural gas, liquefied ($24.1B), Medium Sized Cars ($22.8B), Iron ore, concentrate, not iron pyrites,unagglomerate ($21.8B), and Gold in unwrought forms non-monetary ($9B).

Economic Complexity In 2020, the highest complexity exports of Beijing according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Nuclear Reactors (1.21), Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures (1.13), Traffic Signals (1.01), Telephones (0.88), and Electric Locomotives (0.49). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Destination (2021): Hong Kong, $9.61B

Top Product (2021): Vaccines, human use, $14.3B

In 2021 the top export destinations of Beijing were Hong Kong ($9.61B), Singapore ($5.05B), Philippines ($4.46B), United States ($4.45B), and Indonesia ($3.6B).

In 2021 the top exports of Beijing were Vaccines, human use ($14.3B), Light petroleum distillates nes ($13.9B), Telephones for cellular networks or for... ($13.2B), Petroleum spirit for motor vehicles ($6.46B), and Electronic integrated circuits: processors and controllers,... ($1.48B).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Jul 2021 - Jul 2022)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Jul 2021 - Jul 2022)

Yearly Imports

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Top Origin (2021): United States, $42.2B

Top Import (2021): Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,..., $142B

In 2021 the top import origins of Beijing were United States ($42.2B), Australia ($27.1B), Germany ($26.2B), Saudi Arabia ($23.3B), and Iraq ($20.1B).

In 2021 the top imports of Beijing were Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,... ($142B), Natural gas, liquefied ($24.1B), Medium Sized Cars ($22.8B), Iron ore, concentrate, not iron pyrites,unagglomerate ($21.8B), and Gold in unwrought forms non-monetary ($9B).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Jul 2021 - Jul 2022)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Jul 2021 - Jul 2022)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Beijing

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Economic Complexity (2021): 0.29

Beijing ranks 5th out of the 31 provinces in China according to ECI.

The Economic Complexity Index, or ECI, is a measure of an economy’s capacity which can be inferred from data connecting locations to the activities that are present in them. For more info about Economic Complexity, visit the Economic Complexity page.

Estimated using exports data.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Beijing already has a comparative advantage, are led by Other Organo-Inorganic Compounds (0.18), Nitrogen Heterocyclic Compounds (0.18), Titanium (0.18), Polymer Ion-Exchangers (0.18), and Nickel Powder (0.18).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Beijing according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Nuclear Reactors (1.21), Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures (1.13), Traffic Signals (1.01), Telephones (0.88), and Electric Locomotives (0.49). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Telephones (20.3), Antimony (18.9), Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures (15.0), Nuclear Reactors (13.9), and Sculptures (13.6).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Beijing is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Beijing. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Beijing exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions. Bubble size corresponds to exports value by year 2020.